Like obesity, diabetes is now considered by many health experts and professionals as an “epidemic”, because more and more people suffer from it. Also, the age ranges of people who become prone to it become younger and younger.
The people who are at risk are those who do not only have diabetes history in their families but also those who have developed the disease over time.
Experts say that people who have a history of diabetes in their bloodlines are the primary set of people who are at risk for this disease. But, they are not the only ones who can suffer from this chronic illness. In fact, almost everyone, especially those who have high glucose content in their blood and unable to use it are prone to having this disease.
Trends are changing
Before, when you were diagnosed with diabetes, it was synonymous to loss of limbs, total loss of vision or blindness, kidney failure, and worst, early death. But now, this is no longer the case. Because of the trends in modern technology and advances in the medical field through research, many people with diabetes are seeing hope that they will enjoy longer and healthier lives just like regular people.
Since diabetes is caused by lack of supply of insulin among diabetics, more and more people come up with variations in the way insulin can enter the body such as:
– Implantable insulin pumps that make it possible for blood sugar levels to be measured, so that the exact amount needed is delivered instantly.
– Insulin inhalers which can aid the daily injections of insulin, providing instant relief, by using rapid-acting insulin that is sprayed and inhaled through the mouth, the throat and the tongue, paving the way for insulin to enter the bloodstream quickly.
– An insulin pill that uses a new type of polymer that can help the diabetic get insulin faster, as it can allow it to get into the bloodstream without being destroyed by the digestive system.
– New insulins which are designed to minimize the regimens and to better control glucose for people including “Glargine”, which is a basal insulin, the “Aspart” which is a very-rapid-acting insulin, and the “75/25 Lispro mixture”, containing a very-rapid-acting content.
Monitoring and tests:
These are very important in order to know how well the diabetic patient is doing. The new trends when it comes to monitoring and tests include:
– Pain free glucose tests that allow the patient to monitor their own blood sugar without the excruciating pain of literally sticking their fingers to be able to get blood samples.
– A continuous monitoring device that is “wristwatch-like”, giving more information about how to manage diabetes effectively.
Since diabetes is a chronic disease, there is no definite treatment to cure it. However, there are more and more treatments that promise better results like:
– Islet cell transplants that can be effective for people with the rare type of diabetes, the type 1 diabetes, as it uses the Edmonton technique which utilizes cells from the pancreas or islet cells coming from a donor to help the patient produce insulin.
– Gene therapy which identifies a gene called “SHIP2” which can regulate the production of insulin.
Through the vaccine, containing a peptide that stops the destruction of pancreatic cells in the human body, more and more diabetics are now hoping that they can live longer despite the illness.